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How can stress negatively affect eating?

1. Introduction:

When we think of stress, we often associate it with negative connotations. We feel overwhelmed, anxious, and bogged down by our to-do lists. But did you know that stress can also lead to weight gain? That’s right-both mental and physical stress can impact our waistlines in more ways than one.

First off, let’s define what exactly stress is. Stress is the body’s response to any demand placed upon it—whether physical (like an injury), emotional (like a divorce) or environmental (a loud noise). When faced with a stressful event, the body releases hormones like cortisol and adrenaline into the bloodstream as part of its “fight-or-flight” response.

Cortisol has been shown to have an impact on appetite regulation, metabolism, and abdominal fat deposition. In other words: when cortisol levels are high, we’re more likely to store fat around our waists instead of burning it for energy. how does this all tie into weight gain? Well, chronic or long-term exposure to cortisol has been linked with increased hunger cravings-especially for fatty and sugary foods. This means that not only are we more likely to indulge in unhealthy comfort foods when stressed out; but those foods are also more efficiently stored as belly fat thanks to cortisol’s interference with metabolism.2. The connection between stress and weight gain:

How does chronic stress lead to unhealthy eating habits?

When we are stressed, our bodies go into survival mode and release a hormone called cortisol. This increases our appetite and can lead to unhealthy eating habits such as overeating or binge eating. Chronic stress can also disrupt our sleep, which further contributes to weight gain.

3. Unhealthy eating habits caused by stress:

Stress leads to overeating or undereating. When we are stressed, our bodies go into fight-or-flight mode. This causes a release of cortisol, the stress hormone. Cortisol signals our body to replenish energy stores by eating. Oftentimes, when we are stressed, we turn to unhealthy comfort foods that provide temporary relief from the stressors in our lives. These comfort foods are high in sugar and fat and can lead to weight gain over time if consumed regularly. When we overeat or undereat due to stress, it disrupts our natural appetite cues and can cause us to become either overweight or underweight.

4. Comfort food only provides short-term relief:

The soothing effects of comfort food only last for a limited period and cannot be relied on as a long-term strategy for stress management. The consumption of high quantities of harmful comfort foods may have long-term repercussions that include the development of obesity and other health issues.

5. Solutions for Managing Stress without Turning towards food:

Here are some other suggestions for countering stress

  • Meditation – Meditation relieves stress, although most studies concentrate on high blood pressure and heart disease. Meditation may also improve eating choices. With effort, a person may be able to resist the need to eat fatty, sugary comfort food. You can also follow a sound sleep pattern to strengthen your sleep hygiene.

  • Exercise – Cortisol levels fluctuate based on exercise intensity and duration, but exercise may reduce stress. Yoga and tai chi combine meditation and exercise.

  • Consider Seeking Help – Social support seems to reduce stress. Research shows that persons in stressful environments, including hospital emergency rooms, have greater mental health with social support. Even those in lower-stakes circumstances require support from friends and relatives.


    Even if we try, we won’t be able to completely rid ourselves of stress. The same things that stress us out are often the ones that help us develop. Furthermore, it is not possible to completely turn off our stress reactions. We need it for purposes, more than simply the possibility of acquiring an eating disorder. We may, however, be able to control both the causes and our reactions to chronic stress, thereby serving a better bargain to ourselves in the direction of conscious living.

    Maintaining healthy social ties with family and friends, for example, might help people cope with stress by reducing their emotional reactions to difficult events. The development of self-reliance and optimism, as well as partaking in challenging activities like sports, composing music, or playing difficult games, has been demonstrated to lessen stress reactions. It may be possible to make better dietary choices if we can figure out why we desire that container of ice cream in the first place.

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Kiran Khullar
Show full profile Kiran Khullar Practitioner

A cognitive hypnotic coach , a cognitive hypnotic psychotherapist, a soft skill trainer

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